On March 2, Texas celebrates three things; Texas Independence Day, Sam Houston’s birthday and Texas Flag Day. Texas Independence Day is an official state holiday while the latter two events are commemorated on the same day.
It was on March 2, 1836, that Texas formally declared its independence from Mexico. This was after the capture of the Alamo (remember that?) and before the Battle of San Jacinto when commander-in-chief, Sam Houston led his troops to victory against Mexican forces. Shortly after the battle, Mexico’s General Santa Anna was captured and negotiations began and finally led to Texas’ independence.
I was planning to post this much earlier in the day, but in my research I kept finding more and more interesting things about how we came to celebrate this day. I come from a long line of history buffs and I have Cherokee ancestery, so once I got started, I it was hard to stop.
My mom was a history teacher who got her master’s degree in Native American history. My dad has citizenship in the Cherokee Nation. These things contributed to my special interest in Sam Houston. He is one of my favorite Texans. He lived with the Cherokees and was an ambassador for Native American rights. He had slaves but there were many indications that he did not believe in slavery as an institution. He educated them alongside his children, which was illegal at that time. He also let his slaves earn and keep their own money. He voted against the Kansas-Nebraska Act which permitted the spread of slavery westward. While President of the Republic of Texas, and later as governor, he refused to permit payment to bounty hunters of escaped slaves and would not allow slave ship trafficking in Texas. He was ousted from office as Governor of Texas because he refused to sign an oath of allegiance to the Confederacy.
So this started out about Texas Independence Day and became more about one of the principle characters in the story of how that independence was won. I was also going to write more about how letters and written correspondence helped to document events surrounding and leading up to Texas winning its independence. There is an exhibit later this month, “The Many Marys of Barrington” that is based on “…authentic letters and diary entries” of three women who lived on the farm founded by Dr. Anson Jones, last President of the Republic of Texas.
I hope that I’ve piqued your curiosity enough that you want to do some research of your own and that you enjoy learning more about Texas’ history.
You can read more about the postage stamp image here: http://www.flagsbay.com/flag/2008/07/25/texas-pride-the-stamp-and-the-alamo-by-don-adair/